Bustyresources Wiki

Breasts of any size can be pendulous.[1]

Pendulous Breasts refers to breasts that are not self-supporting and is commonly seen in all breast shapes and sizes with age, following events like fast or heavy weightloss, pregnancy and breast feeding. Here pendulous breasts are defined as those where the majority of the breast tissue lies below the inframammary fold (IMF) and where the nipple lies on or below the IMF.[2] It is distinct from other breast shapes because it occurs to all breast tissue, to some extent, with time. The fitting problems it presents are largely similar and encompassed by full on bottom fitting advice and recommendations. This combined with the natural universal nature of the shape makes it a somewhat redundant shape category that perpetuates body shaming of the aging process in women. Some definitions also include larger projected breasts without loss of volume as gravity means these cannot be self supporting and so the additional volume lies below the IMF. This is also arguably a redundant classification as large projected breasts do not present extra fitting problems simply because gravity and basic physics means they are not self supporting and introduces unnecessary elements of body shaming for larger breasted women.


Pendulous breasts are a normal shape variation and do not cause any inherent health concerns but are commonly referenced to body shame. It is worth noting that this aging process related shape is prized by some cultures as a sign of fertility and mature femininity.[2]

Health concerns[]

No physical health concerns result from pendulous breasts as it is a natural phemonenon resulting from gravitational and aging processes. Common physical problems relate more to very large and/or heavy breasts rather than to breast shape. Very heavy and large breasts can cause chronic back and neck pain and poor posture leading to other health complications. Mental health can be impacted through individuals’ concern about possessing a pendulous breast shape and perception of social stigma. This is not confined to only pendulous breast shape and can be encountered with any breast variation. While this can be effectively dealt with directly through approved psychological treatment, some women do choose surgical options to address excessive concerns of breast shape variation.[2]

Further Information[]

Please note that intervention to alter pendulous breasts is not required and the following are mentioned only to provide information on options for those for who it is of great concern.

Non-surgical Alteration[]

There has been some debate over whether wearing bras more often helps to combat aging and gravitational effects on breast tissue elevation. This debate has been largely started by isolated and heavily criticised popular studies that have suggested various health impacts from habitual bra wearing. One such very questionable and later debunked study gained much attention for claiming that bras actually caused descending breast tissue - it is unlikely this study's findings are very accurate. [3][4]

A properly fitted bra will help breasts appear less pendulous while one is wearing it; however, there isn’t a firm scientific consensus on whether wearing a bra will reduce the effect of aging and gravity on breast elevation. It is worth noting, however, that the effect of gravity on all human tissue over time is unquestioned, suggesting that wearing a bra is more likely to reduce sagging over time than not wearing one. [5] It is widely agreed that participating in athletic activity, particularly high impact sports such as running, without a sports bra can increase sagging, due to stretching and breakdown of the breast ligaments.[6]

The best evidence suggests that wearing a bra regularly is more beneficial to health and appearance than not wearing one and that wearing a supportive sports bra is essential when engaging in physical activity. Wearing a bra at night is less often mentioned in relation to fighting gravity and aging processes on breast tissue and the best guide for employing this is individual preference and comfort. Women with heavier breasts often find that wearing a light unwired bra or knitted crop while sleeping or lounging provides sufficient support to reduce breast pain.

Surgical Alteration[]

Surgery is an option if pendulous breasts are a major concern.


See also[]